The Action Against trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants in Nigeria (ATIPSOM) began in 2018, through an agreement between the European Union Delegation (EUD) and the Government of Nigeria. A Delegation Agreement was signed in June 2018 between the European Union and FIIAPP, which is the coordinating unit managing the bulk of the program.
The program is designed to reduce trafficking in persons (TIP) and smuggling of migrants (SOM) at national and regional level with specific emphasis on women and children.
The expected outcomes are: (1) Improved governance of the migration sector in Nigeria, with specific focus on the fight against TIP and SOM; (2) Enhanced prevention of TIP and SOM in key states of origin and of transit; (3) Improved protection, return and reintegration of victims of trafficking and of smuggling from Europe (4) Enhanced identification, investigation and prosecution of traffickers and smugglers (5) More effective cooperation at national, regional and international level in fighting TIP and SOM.
The project corresponds to the “5 Ps” strategy (Policy, prevention, protection, prosecution and partnership), adopted by the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP), and is aligned with national policy framework – including Nigeria’s National Policy on Migration (2015), elaborated with EU support during the 10th EDF, and the Trafficking in Persons Prohibition Enforcement and Administration Act (2015) – and the 2015 EU-Nigeria Common Agenda on Migration and Mobility (CAMM).
The action contributes to specific objective 3 of the 11th EDF EU-Nigeria National Indicative Programme (NIP) “Support to government action to enhance capacity to manage migration and mobility”, and specifically to expected result 3.1. “Implementation of enhanced national and local institutional capacities to manage migration”, result 3.3. “Improved border management” and result 3.4 “Implementation of the Nigeria-EU CAMM“
Gender equality is the principal cross-cutting issue in the program, considering that the 80% of the victims in trafficking are women victims of sexual slavery.